A screening and counseling program for prevention of osteoporosis.
Prevention of osteoporosis is an increasingly salient public health concern as our society ages. This report describes the procedures used at an osteoporosis center to which people come for screening and counseling. The patients on whom this report is based were 53 non-smoking women, 1-10 years postmenopausal at the time of their first visit to the center, who chose not to undertake estrogen therapy, and who returned for a second visit in 12-18 months. They were classified as to adequacy of calcium intake (at least 750 mg/day) and exercise (at least 3 h/week of weight-bearing exercise) at both visits; complete data on calcium intake and exercise were available on 46 of the women. Bone densities were measured at the femoral neck and lumbar spine with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and at the distal radius with single photon absorptiometry. At the first visit, 67% of the women reported adequate exercise and 43% reported adequate calcium intake. At the second visit, the percentages in the adequate categories had increased to 74% for exercise (p = 0.06) and 70% for calcium intake (p = 0.02). Age at the first visit was inversely correlated with femoral (r = -0.40, p = 0.003) and spinal (r = -0.36, p = 0.009) bone densities; the correlation with radial bone density did not achieve significance (r = -0.27, p = 0.55). Rather than declining, as would be expected in early postmenopausal women, bone density rose slightly, but not significantly, between visits for all three sites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)