Intensive treatment strategies may not provide superior outcomes in mantle cell lymphoma: overall survival exceeding 7 years with standard therapies.
BACKGROUND: Reported median overall survival (OS) in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) has been reported to be just 3-4 years. As a consequence, first-line treatment has become more aggressive. Single-center studies with R-Hyper-CVAD and/or autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT) have produced 3-year OS rates >80%, prompting many to adopt their use. We evaluated outcomes from a single-center cohort managed in a more traditional fashion. METHODS: We identified patients with MCL evaluated at Weill Cornell Medical Center since 1997, and included those with known date of diagnosis. An online social security database was used to verify survival. RESULTS: We identified 181 patients with MCL, and date of diagnosis could be determined in 111. Three-year OS from diagnosis was 86% [95% confidence interval (CI) 78% to 92%]. Median OS was 7.1 years (95% CI 63-98 months). Adequate information on therapy was available for 75 patients. Only five were treated upfront with (R)-Hyper-CVAD or ASCT while an additional four patients received one of these regimens subsequently. Treatment type had no significant effect on OS. CONCLUSION: Outcomes with standard approaches can yield similar survival to that achieved with more intensive approaches. Biases may account for the perceived superiority of aggressive strategies.