Updated survival analyses after prolonged follow-up of the phase 2, multicenter CREST study of bortezomib in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
The Clinical Response and Efficacy Study of Bortezomib in the Treatment of Relapsing Multiple Myeloma (CREST) demonstrated substantial activity with two dose levels of bortezomib (1.0 and 1.3 mg/m(2)), alone or with dexamethasone, in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. We present updated survival analyses after prolonged follow-up (median >5 years). One- and 5-year survival rates were 82% and 32%, respectively, in the 1.0 mg/m(2) group (n = 28), and 81% and 45%, respectively, in the 1.3 mg/m(2) group (n = 26). Notable survival, response, and time-to-progression data suggest that a bortezomib starting dose of 1.3 mg/m(2) is preferred. If bortezomib dose reduction is required, the 1.0 mg/m(2) dose still offers patients a substantial survival benefit.