Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in the temporal lobe in complex partial seizures.
The anterior mesial portion of the temporal lobe removed from 16 patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of complex partial seizures was found to contain tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons. The distribution of these neurons was correlated with the underlying neuropathological features. Ammon's horn sclerosis was present in 8 patients; a ganglioglioma, in 7 patients; and an infarction in the distribution of the middle cerebral artery, in 1 patient. Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons were found in Ammon's horn of 6 of the 8 patients with Ammon's horn sclerosis, and in the subiculum and entorhinal cortex of all 8 patients with the same pathology. None of these neurons were found in Ammon's horn of the 7 patients with a ganglioglioma, but were found in the subiculum of 5 of the 7 patients and in entorhinal cortex of all 7 patients. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity was also studied in 13 control autopsy specimens. No tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons were found in Ammon's horn or the subiculum of any of the control specimens, but were found in the entorhinal cortex of 6 of the 13 specimens. The tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in the mesial portion of the temporal lobe of patients with complex partial seizures may contribute to the increased levels of tyrosine hydroxylase found in neurochemical studies of specimens taken at temporal lobectomy.