Ixazomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: long-term follow-up including ixazomib maintenance. Academic Article uri icon



  • Triplet combinations containing a proteasome inhibitor are a standard of care in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). We examined the long-term efficacy and safety of the all-oral combination of weekly ixazomib plus lenalidomide-dexamethasone (IRd), followed by single-agent ixazomib maintenance in NDMM patients. Of 65 enrolled patients, 53 received ixazomib 4 mg (days 1, 8, and 15) plus lenalidomide 25 mg (days 1-21) and dexamethasone 40 mg (days 1, 8, 15, and 22) for up to twelve 28-day induction cycles. Twenty-three patients discontinued induction for stem cell transplantation (SCT). In the remaining 42 patients, overall response rate was 80%, including 63% ≥very good partial response (VGPR) and 32% complete responses. At a median follow-up of 56 months, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 35.4 months in the total population. Twenty-five patients received ixazomib maintenance; eight deepened their response (76% ≥VGPR), and median PFS was 37.2 months in this subgroup. Nine of 42 patients who did not proceed to SCT (14% of total population) had an adverse event requiring discontinuation. Ixazomib (median ≥ 96%) and lenalidomide (median 88-94%) relative dose intensities were maintained throughout treatment. Weekly IRd, followed by ixazomib maintenance, was highly active with acceptable toxicity, enabling long-term administration with no evidence of cumulative toxicities.

publication date

  • January 29, 2019



  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • Multiple Myeloma


PubMed Central ID

  • PMC6755968

Scopus Document Identifier

  • 85060937214

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41375-019-0384-1

PubMed ID

  • 30696949

Additional Document Info


  • 33


  • 7