A phase 1b study of once-weekly carfilzomib combined with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.
Twice-weekly carfilzomib with lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Rd) is an effective regimen for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). Here we evaluated once-weekly carfilzomib with Rd (once-weekly KRd) in NDMM patients. NDMM patients were enrolled regardless of transplant eligibility. Patients received carfilzomib on days 1, 8, and 15; lenalidomide 25 mg on days 1-21; and dexamethasone 40 mg on carfilzomib days (also day 22 for cycles 1-8) for ≤18, 28-day cycles. Enrollment initiated in a carfilzomib 20/70-mg/m2 (20 mg/m2 on cycle 1, day 1; 70 mg/m2 thereafter) NDMM dose-expansion arm, which was suspended because of serious adverse events. After evaluation of dose-limiting toxicities in a two-step-up dose-evaluation cohort, an NDMM dose-expansion arm (carfilzomib 20/56 mg/m2 ) was opened. Fifty-one NDMM patients were enrolled in dose-finding and dose-expansion cohorts. Results are presented for the carfilzomib 56-mg/m2 NDMM dose-expansion arm (n=33). The grade ≥3 treatment-emergent AE (TEAE) rate was 63.6%. Twenty-five patients underwent stem cell collection; 18 proceeded to autoSCT, and 5 resumed KRd on study after autoSCT. The overall response rate (ORR) based on best overall response by cycle 4 was 97.0% (≥very good partial response [VGPR], 69.7%) in the NDMM 20/56-mg/m2 cohort. In patients who did not receive autoSCT (n = 15), the median number of cycles was 16.0; ORR was 93.3% (≥VGPR, 80.0%). At a median follow-up of 8.1 months, median progression-free survival was not reached. Once-weekly KRd (carfilzomib 56 mg/m2 ) had a favorable safety profile and promising activity in NDMM, supporting the use of this regimen in this setting. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.