Diverticulosis, Diverticulitis, and Diverticular Bleeding.
Diverticulosis is an anatomic change in the colon that is characterized by outpouching of the mucosa and submucosa through the muscularis. Its prevalence increases with age so most of the elderly patients have this condition. Although diverticulosis is common, diverticular disease, in which there are clinical sequelae, is rare. This collective term includes diverticulitis, diverticular hemorrhage and less well-defined entities such as segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis, and symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease. Diverticulitis presents as acute lower abdominal pain, and initial management traditionally includes antibiotics, with surgery reserved for complicated disease, although newer evidence questions the optimal role and timing of both interventions.