Magnetic resonance imaging in schizophrenia: relationship with clinical measures.
Relationships were examined between clinical features of schizophrenia and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume in brain obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a sample of 59 patients. The volumes of the cerebral hemispheres and CSF were measured with a computer program designed to separate reliably neural tissue from CSF. The CSF to cranial volume ratios were related to history, symptom profile and outcome functioning. Earlier age of onset was associated with higher sulcal CSF ratio, r = -0.40. The anatomic measures were unrelated to symptom severity. However, patient subtypes differed in the laterality of measures. Higher left hemispheric ratios were seen in patients with severe negative symptoms, and left predominance of ventricular relative to sulcal ratios was associated with the presence of hallucinations and delusions. The results suggest that while higher CSF is related to earlier age of onset, the clinical symptoms are more related to its lateralization. This is consistent with the hypothesis that schizophrenia is a lateralized brain disease.