Lack of interaction of gabapentin with carbamazepine or valproate.
Gabapentin (GBP) studies were conducted in patients with epilepsy receiving carbamazepine (CBZ, n = 12) or valproate (VPA, n = 14) monotherapy. The effects of GBP coadministration on steady-state CBZ or VPA concentrations and of these antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on GBP pharmacokinetics were investigated. GBP (400 mg) was coadministered every 8 h for 3 1/3 days with CBZ or for 5 1/3 days with VPA. GBP was well tolerated. Mean steady-state plasma CBZ/CBZ-10,11-epoxide (CBZ-E) and serum VPA concentrations before, during, and after GBP administration were not significantly different. Mean steady-state GBP pharmacokinetic parameters during CBZ or VPA coadministration were similar to steady-state parameters reported in healthy subjects. Thus, no pharmacokinetic interaction exists between CBZ or VPA and GBP. No dosage adjustment is necessary when GBP and CBZ or VPA are coadministered.