Dose-ranging evaluation of the substituted benzamide dazopride when used as an antiemetic in patients receiving anticancer chemotherapy.
Dazopride, a substituted benzamide structurally related to metoclopramide, is a potent gastric prokinetic agent that prevents cisplatin-induced emesis in animals. Unlike metoclopramide, dazopride has no effect on dopamine receptors and therefore should not produce extrapyramidal side effects. In this dose-ranging trial, 23 patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy known to produce nausea and vomiting received three i.v. infusions of dazopride every 2 h beginning 30 min before the chemotherapy. Seven dose levels were explored ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 mg/kg in each of the three infusions. Toxicities were mild and included sedation, dizziness, visual disturbances, and headaches. All side effects were transient and were not dose-related. Antiemetic effects were observed. Dazopride can be safely given on this schedule at doses of up to 4.0 mg/kg to patients receiving chemotherapy. On the basis of the results of this trial, further studies of this agent are warranted.