Synchronous breast cancers with different morphologic and molecular phenotypes occurring in Lynch syndrome: what does the heterogeneity imply? Academic Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • The increasingly widespread use of immunohistochemistry in the detection of DNA mismatch repair proteins has led to the observation of various unusual tumor types that occur in Lynch syndrome and exhibit mismatch repair protein deficiency. Understanding the clinical significance of such unusual tumors has become increasingly desirable. Here, we report a case of 2 synchronous breast cancers occurring in a 74-year-old woman who carried a deleterious germline mutation in MSH2 and who survived an endometrial and a colonic carcinoma. Both breast cancers were of lobular type with similar expression patterns for estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and Her2/neu. However, the 2 cancers differed in other characteristics. One tumor showed a solid alveolar histologic pattern with prominent tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and loss of MSH2 and MSH6 protein on immunohistochemical staining. In contrast, the other tumor was of classic type with no apparent lymphocytic infiltration and no loss of mismatch repair protein. Such a case carries practical implications as it suggests that certain breast cancers may serve as tissue samples for the detection of mismatch repair deficiency in families at high risk for Lynch syndrome, thus expanding the test sample repertoire for genetic workup in these families. Furthermore, the case exemplifies the complexity of tumorigenesis in Lynch syndrome patients. The observation that, of the 2 breast cancers, increased tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were present only in the tumor that showed mismatch repair protein abnormality is in keeping with what has been observed in the colon and other sites. Such persistent genotype-phenotype correlation across different organs affords the promise that molecular classification may allow identification of biologically distinct tumor subsets beyond the confines of the tumor's primary anatomic location.

publication date

  • November 1, 2011

Research

keywords

  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Carcinoma, Lobular
  • Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

Identity

Scopus Document Identifier

  • 80054997206

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/PAS.0b013e3182320cff

PubMed ID

  • 21997695

Additional Document Info

volume

  • 35

issue

  • 11