An OWL meta-ontology for representing the Clinical Element Model. Academic Article uri icon



  • The Clinical Element Model (CEM) is a strategy designed to represent logical models for clinical data elements to ensure unambiguous data representation, interpretation, and exchange within and across heterogeneous sources and applications. The current representations of CEMs have limitations on expressing semantics and formal definitions of the structure and the semantics. Here we introduce our initial efforts on representing the CEM in OWL, so that the enrichment with OWL semantics and further semantic processing can be achieved in CEM. The focus of this paper is the CEM meta-ontology where the basic structures, the properties and their relationships, and the constraints are defined. These OWL representation specifications have been reviewed by CEM experts to ensure they capture the intended meaning of the model faithfully.

publication date

  • October 22, 2011



  • Electronic Health Records
  • Vocabulary, Controlled


PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3243162

Scopus Document Identifier

  • 84870459036

PubMed ID

  • 22195200

Additional Document Info


  • 2011